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Pregnancy and your Body: Common Changes to Expect

Pregnancy can be a wonderful time for any expectant mother. Though there are a few hardships along the way, feeling that first kick will make it all worth it, we promise! Although every pregnancy is different, there are a few changes you can expect to happen to your body over the next 9 months.

To help you prepare, especially if this is your first time, we’ve compiled a guide of all the common changes your body may go through during pregnancy. 



Mother at first scan for baby

A frequent need to urinate is usually one of the first signs of pregnancy. This is caused by your baby pushing down on the bladder, as well as the pregnancy hormone hCG, which can lead to potential accidents! Don’t worry though, this stage won’t last forever, eventually, your kidneys will adjust to the pregnancy. A great way to speed this process along is to make sure your bladder is empty by leaning forward as you urinate. You may also want to consider pelvic floor exercises, which can help to strengthen the muscles surrounding the pelvic floor - a great guide for this can be found here.

Morning sickness is one of the most common symptoms of early pregnancy, affecting 75% of women in the early stages. Despite the name, these symptoms can happen anytime, day or night. To help battle the nausea, it’s recommended to stick to frequent, small, carbohydrate packed meals and snacks, including:

  • Crackers
  • Pretzels
  • Crisps
  • Potatoes
  • Eggs
  • Lightly seasoned meats

In the first few months of pregnancy, the most common symptoms include swollen or sore breasts, nausea and fatigue. You may also see an increase in mood swings and pregnancy cravings could start to emerge. Your body is adapting to a new and exciting experience, so don’t be alarmed by how different you may feel emotionally and physically.

Fatigue is a very common symptom during the first and third trimesters, and a great way to combat this is to have an earlier bedtime and practice good sleeping habits. Only use your bed for rest and find the comfiest way to sleep to prepare for when your bump starts to grow.



Partner holding baby bump

The second trimester is usually when your bump may start to become more visible. It’s also the time where your body typically feels more energised and those maternal instincts might really start to kick in! However, with these amazing feelings and changes also comes the possibility of stretch marks, pregnancy pains, and swelling. These are normal symptoms to experience by the halfway mark and can be eased with some of our handy tips and tricks.

Stretch marks, which are pink, red, brown, or purple marks on the body, are a common occurrence in pregnancy, affecting 8 out of 10 women. Try not to worry, as these marks will gradually fade after you’ve given birth into small pale scars, becoming much less noticeable over time. 

You may also notice swelling of the legs, ankles, feet and hands during this time, which is a great excuse to put your feet up and relax! The swelling is caused by your body holding more water than usual, so make sure you wear comfortable shoes, drink plenty of water and take regular walks.



Heavily pregnant woman with tattoos and partner

In the third and final trimester of pregnancy, you may find yourself feeling more awkward and heavy, with your ever-growing bump making it harder to do everyday activities. Just try to take your time and ask for help when needed - we know how much of a struggle the last few months can be! 

In the final countdown to giving birth, other symptoms such as tingling and numbness, shortness of breath and breast growth are quite common. With a possible increase in swelling, the numbness and tingling in hands and fingers, also known as carpal tunnel syndrome, is completely normal and can be prevented. Using a wrist brace, regularly stretching your limbs and getting the blood flowing by shaking your hands out frequently, are all great ways to reduce the effects of carpal tunnel. If you find that the symptoms are quite painful or frequently stop you from doing everyday tasks, visit your GP for advice and possible medications.

Shortness of breath usually occurs in the second or third trimester, and is caused by your baby pushing your uterus against your diaphragm. This doesn’t mean that you’re breathing in any less oxygen, but if it causes you discomfort, consider practising good posture by standing up straight with your shoulders back, and taking the time to relax. The more anxious you are about it, the more shallow your breathing could become.

Towards the end of your pregnancy, you may also notice that your breasts are larger, more tender and starting to leak colostrum (early breast milk which is yellow in colour). To help relieve the discomfort, we recommend switching to supportive, wireless sports bras and avoiding anything that might cause pain, such as tight clothing and heavy showers.



Pregnant woman drinking hot drink

Carrying a baby is an amazing experience, but it can also be a very confusing one for your body. If you feel like you’re becoming stressed about the changes, consider taking some time out and allow yourself to steadily adjust to each new change. We would also recommend having regular talks with your partner, friends, midwife and GP to make sure that nothing you’re experiencing is harmful for either you or your baby.

If you’ve got any tips and tricks for how to handle changes to the body while pregnant, head over to our Facebook and Instagram pages, we’d love to hear them!


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